Why Attend Psychology Colleges and Programs in Vermont?


By Rachel Schneider

Many colleges for psychology in Vermont offer engaging opportunities for students at all degree levels. Although Vermont features the highest tuition rates for in-state and out-of-state students studying at four-year public institutions in the U.S., degree-seekers in the Green Mountain State can pursue financial aid and scholarship opportunities, allowing them to enroll in excellent programs at an affordable rate.

Vermont's population of 623,657 classifies 47% of citizens as college educated. The state ranks second for crime and corrections, seventh for natural environment, eighth for education, 10th for opportunity, and 11th for healthcare. Dairy farming surpasses all other types of farming in Vermont, with nearly 900 farms in the state raising dairy cows, leading to the production of over $470 million worth of milk every year.

Vermont boasts the lowest unemployment rate in the U.S. (2.3%). The state is home to 26 colleges and universities, with nearly 10,400 student loan borrowers in the repayment process and about 640 of those borrowers in default on their loans. The borrower default rate for Vermont is 6.1%, making it the state with the second-lowest borrower default rate behind Massachusetts.

What to Expect in a Vermont Psychology College Program

Universities in Vermont conferred 507 psychology degrees in 2018, tying with Rhode Island to rank 33rd in the United States. Psychology students in Vermont enjoy the opportunity to pursue their degrees at all levels. Bachelor's students typically complete 120 credits of coursework and can earn their degree within four years of full-time enrollment.

Master's students can earn an MS or MA in psychology, usually completing 36-54 credits of coursework. Full-time master's students can complete their degrees within two years. Doctoral programs include a Ph.D. and a Psy.D. in psychology. Enrollees experience varying program lengths at the doctoral level, sometimes taking up to seven years to earn their degrees.

Many colleges and universities offer specialization opportunities for psychology students across degree levels, enabling them to tailor their program to match their career goals and interests. Some institutions also offer online psychology programs across degree levels.

What Courses Are Part of an Online Psychology Degree Program in Vermont?

Psychology students encounter different courses based on the college and degree level. Bachelor's students typically explore foundational topics in psychology, while master's students focus on more advanced coursework. At the doctoral level, learners experience the most specialized, advanced topics in the field. We have compiled a list of common coursework for psychology students below.

Biological Psychology

Degree-seekers learn about how experience and behavior function within biological processes. Course topics include drugs and addiction, brain function and structure, sleep and consciousness, brain damage, mental illness, stress, and memory.

Research Methods in Psychology

Students explore the statistical analyses and methodologies used in psychological research, such as experiments, surveys, correlation, and observation. Enrollees study topics that allow them to expand their critical-thinking skills as they focus on different types of scientific evidence.

The Psychology of Gender

This course focuses on the similarities and differences between men and women. Throughout the course, learners explore topics related to sex and gender, specifically in relation to social roles, mental health, sexuality in social and cultural contexts, stereotypes, and identity.

Abnormal Psychology

Students examine the dynamics and nature of psychological disorders, allowing degree-seekers to learn more about psychotic disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and addiction. The course emphasizes the relationship between normal and abnormal phenomena and individual psychological growth.

Developmental Psychology

Enrollees explore the methodological issues and theoretical approaches used to understand normative development from birth to adolescence. The course focuses on the progression and origins of perceptual, biological, social, emotional, and cognitive systems.

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Education Requirements to Become a Psychologist in Vermont

To become a licensed psychologist in Vermont, individuals must first earn a bachelor's degree. Aspiring psychologists can pursue a BA or BS. If they focus on a field other than psychology, they must satisfy core psychology courses before enrolling in a master's program.

Master's students can consider an MA or MS, depending on their intended focus. After earning a master's, each student must obtain a doctoral degree to become a psychologist in Vermont. Eligible doctoral programs must feature accreditation from the American Psychological Association (APA), along with approval by the National Register of Health Service Providers and the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards.

Many colleges and universities that offer psychology programs in Vermont allow learners to take advantage of specialization opportunities to mold their degrees in line with their interests and career aspirations. Many of these programs require internships and clinical hour components.

Vermont Licensing for Psychologists

Psychology licensure in Vermont ensures that all professionals practicing psychology in the state operate within certain standards and follow a specific set of enforced regulations. Additionally, licensure ensures professionals hold high levels of skills and knowledge in the field, demonstrating the ability to provide excellent services across a variety of settings.

Why Get Licensed in Vermont?

Individuals interested in working as psychologists in Vermont must obtain their psychology licenses before practicing professionally. Master's-level applicants must hold an MS or MA in psychology from schools that belong to the Council of Applied Master's Programs in Psychology, while doctoral-level candidates must earn a Ph.D. or Psy.D. in psychology from regionally accredited colleges or universities.

Licensing Criteria for Vermont

The Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners grants psychology licenses in the state for candidates who meet the necessary licensing criteria. The first step toward licensure eligibility in Vermont is earning a bachelor's degree in psychology or another field. After completing a bachelor's degree, individuals can pursue a master's program. Vermont features two types of licenses for individuals, which feature similar eligibility requirements.

After completing a master's degree in psychology, degree-seekers can advance into a doctoral program. Requirements for doctoral programs can often take learners 4-7 years to satisfy, depending on their educational focus and background. Once an individual completes the educational requirements, which can take around ten total years to satisfy, they can begin the process of obtaining a license to practice psychology in Vermont.

How to Get Licensed in Vermont

The first step in the licensing process in Vermont requires each aspiring psychologist to complete 4,000 hours of supervised professional experience in a specific area of training. Individuals pursuing master's and doctoral psychologist licensure must satisfy 4,000 hours of experience in pre- and post-degree hours, with no less than 2,000 hours completed after an advanced degree was received.

After completing supervised experience hours, professionals can submit their application to the licensing board through its online platform. Once the board approves an individual's initial licensure application, the applicant can sit for the examination for professional practice in psychology. Candidates must complete their exams within 60 days of receiving approval from the board. Once they pass the exam, professionals can receive their license to practice psychology in Vermont.

License Renewal in Vermont

In Vermont, licensed psychologists must renew their licenses every two years. Two months before their license expires, professionals receive an application for renewal. To maintain licensure, each psychologist must complete their application and return it, along with a $150 biennial license renewal fee.

The licensing board in Vermont requires each licensed psychologist to complete 60 hours of continuing education activities during each renewal period. At least six credits must be related to ethics, legal issues, or jurisprudence. Continuing education events must be approved by APA, the Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners, or the Vermont Psychological Association.

Vermont Psychologist Salaries and Employment Trends

In 2016 and 2017, clinical, counseling, and school psychologists in Vermont earned mean annual wages slightly lower than the national figures. For 2016, these professionals earned a mean wage of $68,470 compared to the national amount of $78,690. In 2017, the state saw an increase for clinical, counseling, and school psychologists, reporting a mean wage of $75,880 and the national amount at $81,330. Nationally, all other psychologists reported mean wages between $93,000 and nearly $95,000 in 2016 and 2017.

In Vermont, clinical, counseling, and school psychologists took home a mean wage of $77,670 for 2018, which was slightly lower than the national mean wage. These psychologists reported the fifth-highest mean wage among surrounding states.

The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) projects that, between 2016 and 2026, psychologists in clinical, counseling, and school specialties may see a job growth rate of 6.4%, with the national growth rate at 14.2%. Surrounding states report varying growth rates between 5.3% and 15.6%. Nationally, DOL projects a job growth rate for all other psychologists of 10.3%, with surrounding states at 11-18.2%.

Historical Mean Wage for Psychologists
  2016 2017
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists in Vermont $68,470 $75,880
Psychologists, All Other in Vermont N/A N/A
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists Nationally $78,690 $81,330
Psychologists, All Other Nationally $94,650 $93,440

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Mean Wage For Psychologists In Vermont and Nearby States (2018)

  • Nationally

    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists: $85,340

    Psychologists, All Other: $95,610

  • Vermont

    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists: $77,670

    Psychologists, All Other: N/A

  • New Hampshire

    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists: $84,270

    Psychologists, All Other: $98,410

  • Maine

    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists: $75,620

    Psychologists, All Other: $82,790

  • Massachusetts

    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists: $86,490

    Psychologists, All Other: $83,550

  • New York

    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists: $94,140

    Psychologists, All Other: $99,640

  • Connecticut

    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists: $90,870

    Psychologists, All Other: $96,180

Source: BLS

Projected Job Growth for Psychologists (2016-2026)
  Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists Psychologists, All Other
Nationally 14.2% 10.3%
Vermont 6.4% N/A
New Hampshire 12.2% N/A
Maine 5.3% N/A
Massachusetts 11.9% 11.0%
New York 15.6% 18.2%
Connecticut 7.4% 11.6%

Source: Projections Central

Psychology Programs and Licensing in Vermont Frequently Asked Questions

What Field of Psychology Makes the Most Money?

Across the psychology field, there are many high-paying job opportunities for professionals to consider, with the highest wages typically going to industrial-organizational psychologists, neuropsychologists, engineering psychologists, psychology teachers, and clinical psychologists.

Is Psychology a Good Major?

Pursuing a major in psychology can lead graduates to many lucrative career opportunities. The field allows professionals to follow specialty paths, including sports psychology, health psychology, industrial-organizational psychology, human factors psychology, and clinical psychology. Students who major in psychology can also advance their degrees to all available levels of study.

Can I Get Licensed If My Degree Is From an Unaccredited Program?

To become a licensed psychologist in Vermont, each aspiring professional must earn their doctoral degree from an APA-accredited college or university. The program must also be approved by the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards along with the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology.

What Is a Good Specialty for Psychology?

Psychology students often focus their degrees on specializations or concentrations to match their interests and career ambitions. Some fulfilling specialization opportunities in the field include biopsychology, addiction psychology, counseling psychology, forensic psychology, and health psychology.

Do I Need a Bachelor's in Psychology to Get a Master's in Psychology?

Students interested in becoming psychologists in Vermont do not need to major in psychology at the bachelor's level. Bachelor's students can focus their degrees in any discipline as long as they complete the necessary prerequisite coursework to enroll in a master's program. However, many aspiring psychologists choose to focus their bachelor's degrees in psychology.

Psychology Resources for Vermont


  • Vermont Psychological Association As a professional organization for licensed psychologists in Vermont, the Vermont Psychological Association provides resources for professionals throughout the state and hosts continuing education activities.
  • Vermont Statutes Online Psychologists practicing in Vermont can review the statutes pertaining to the occupations and professions in Vermont's psychology field through this website.
  • Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners The Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners maintains and regulates psychology licenses for the entire state. Professionals in Vermont can refer to the board for any licensing-related concerns they have.
  • Vermont Mental Health Counselors Association As a professional association for clinical mental health counselors in Vermont, the Vermont Mental Health Counselors Association provides support, education, and advocacy to professionals across the state.
  • Vermont School Counselor Association The Vermont School Counselor Association advances the influence and image of professional school counselors through leadership, collaboration, advocacy, and systemic change, supporting the growth of the profession statewide.