Common careers in this field include behavioral analyst, talent management specialist, and HR organizational development specialist. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, these professionals earn an average annual salary of $97,260.
Entry-level positions in I/O psychology typically require at least a master's degree. However, this field is relatively new, potentially creating a tougher job market. A doctorate gives you a competitive advantage and may increase your earning potential. Doctoral programs focus on research and theory, building on the technical and analytical skills gained in a master's program. This may best suit individuals who want to work in research to advance the field.
Working in the psychology field typically requires at least a master's, but a growing number of positions and employers prefer candidates with doctoral degrees. Two types of doctoral degrees exist in the field of I/O psychology. The Psy.D. caters to students who want to work in clinical practice. Curricula for this degree focus on developing practical skills and typically entail an internship or clinical rotation.
The Ph.D., a research degree, requires students to complete a dissertation based on original research and pass a comprehensive exam. This degree best suits students aiming for careers in education or research.
Prospective students can choose from a wide array of industrial organizational psychology online Ph.D. programs, which vary by school. Make sure to research each program thoroughly to ensure it would prepare you for your desired career. Keep an eye out for details regarding delivery format, program length, expenses, and internship or clinical rotation requirements.
Prospective students who want to earn a doctorate in industrial organizational psychology online typically need at least a bachelor's degree with a minimum 3.0 GPA. This degree does not need to be in I/O psychology or a related field, but most applicants hold an undergraduate degree in either psychology or education. Some programs may require a master's degree with a minimum 3.5 GPA. All applicants must submit official transcripts to demonstrate eligibility.
Other admission requirements for a doctorate in I/O psychology online may include GRE or GMAT test scores, an essay, personal or professional references, and in-person or virtual interviews. Make sure to research admission requirements carefully to confirm your eligibility before paying any application fees. Contact an admissions advisor before applying if you can't find certain information or have questions.
The curriculum for a doctorate in I/O psychology online typically builds on basic psychology concepts and focuses on developing knowledge in statistics and methodology. Coursework teaches students to collect and interpret data to solve a variety of organizational issues regarding employee morale, recruitment, and training. Most programs also require a dissertation, research project, or internship. This specific requirement may depend on whether you pursue a Ph.D. or a Psy.D.
Doctoral programs hone students' analytical and research skills. They also broaden job opportunities in supervisory roles and may increase earning potential.
On average, students pursuing a Ph.D in industrial organizational psychology online take up to five years to earn 60 credits and complete their degree. Factors affecting program length include the number of required credits, internship or dissertation components, and full- or part-time enrollment status. Prospective students should make sure to consider program length, since it may impact expenses.
Delivery format may also affect program length. Online programs typically use either a self-paced or cohort learning format. Self-paced programs allow students to move through their coursework at their own pace without adhering to a prescribed schedule. Cohort learning programs generally require students to follow a specified timeline. These programs may also require either in-person or virtual group participation.
Whether a program requires an internship, a dissertation, or a research project varies by school. These requirements may also vary depending on whether you pursue a Ph.D. or a Psy.D. degree. Ph.D programs more often require a dissertation, which entails conducting original research on a faculty-approved topic. Psy.D. programs more commonly require internships and occasionally involve research projects, though this varies by school.
Internships typically last at least one term but may go longer depending on the program. Schools requiring internships may help you find a placement or offer useful resources for your search. Online students should make sure to clarify the details of each prospective program to ensure they can meet all requirements and complete the program on schedule.
Key traits for I/O psychology professionals include analytical, problem-solving, and communication skills. These professionals work with personnel across all levels of an organization, making interpersonal skills vital as well. Learn Psychology offers more details about the industry, available careers, and their education requirements. The table below details a few common jobs you can pursue with a doctorate in I/O psychology.
I/O psychologists analyze human behavior in the workplace. They observe, conduct interviews, and develop plans to implement new policies or training programs. This position requires at least a master's. However, a doctorate creates more opportunity for career growth and earning potential. Some employers prefer candidates with doctoral degrees.
Median Annual Salary: $71,469
Behavior analysts work with organizations in a variety of industries to implement new policies and personnel management procedures. Primary skills include data collection and knowledge in current training and behavioral theories. This position requires at least a master's in psychology and may mandate additional certification. Some employers prefer candidates with doctorates.
Median Annual Salary: $57,564
Human factors engineers focus on how the workplace impacts the human body. They examine factors including ergonomics, technology, and usability. They work to ensure employees are comfortable and processes are efficient and user-friendly. A doctorate is not required to gain employment in this field but increases your earning potential and gives you a competitive advantage over other candidates.
Median Annual Salary: $81,385
Educational psychologists study how individuals learn and retain information in school settings. They use their knowledge of theories and tools to help students excel, and they may work with teachers to develop effective curricula. This position requires a master's degree at minimum in addition to a license to practice. However, many employers may require a doctorate.
Median Annual Salary: $75,749
Senior research consultants manage research projects within an organization. This typically means coordinating efforts between internal employees or teams to conduct focus groups. They interpret results and generate reports, making recommendations for improvement based on their findings. This position requires at least a master's degree, but some employers prefer a doctorate.
Median Annual Salary: $87,517